History of the Institute
LLP “Kazakh U.Uspanov Research Institute of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry”
U.U.Uspanov Kazakh Research Institute of Soil Science and Agrichemistry awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor – is the leading institution in the country, engaged in basic and applied research in the field of soil science and agri-chemistry.
In 1939, for the first time in Kazakhstan the sector of soil science at the Kazakh branch of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR has been established. In 1943 on its basis the Soil and Botanical Institute of the Kazakh branch of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR has been established, and on 28 August 1945 – the Institute of Soil Science of Kazakh branch of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR has been established.
Until 2002 the Institute of Soil Science was supervised by the Academy of Sciences and the MES of RK, and in 2002 has transferred to the Ministry of Agriculture. In 2008 it has been re-registered as LLP “Kazakh Research Institute of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry named after U.U.Uspanov”.
Mission: scientific support of Food security of the country based on soil fertility restoration, rational use of soil resources and agricultural lands.
Main specialization – soil science, agricultural chemistry and ecology.
Main research areas are as follows:
– conservation, scientific bases of soil rational use and fertility reproduction;
– research on regulations of soil and soil surface formation and their evaluation based on GIS technologies;
– evaluation of soil-reclamation and soil-ecological soil condition and agrochemical survey of agricultural lands, preparation of agrichemical field cartograms, development of rational methods of soil fertility restoration;
– improvement, development and implementation of innovative soil fertility technologies and crop productivity increase.
During the period of formation and development of the Institute the scientists have made a great contribution: soil maps of all administrative regions and in general soil map of the Republic have been produced, 14 volumes of the monograph series “The soils of Kazakh SSR”; Kazakhstan sheets of the State soil map of the USSR; review soil map of Kazakhstan; soil erosion map of Kazakhstan; halochemical soil map of Kazakhstan; map – scheme of trace elements in soils of Kazakhstan; maps of saline soils of Kazakhstan; principles of reclamation diagnosis and grouping of saline soils and effective reclamation technologies and reproduction of fertility of sodasaline, highly alkaline and saline soils in Chu river valley.
On the basis of soil-geographical, soil reclamation, soil erosion and soil geochemical surveys and methods of soil remediation of disturbed areas, which have extremely low soil natural fertility the following have been developed: thematic soil maps, soil classification; soil evaluation of all natural areas has been done; recommendations on fertility improvement, conservation and rational use of soil resources.
Materials of the scientists of the Institute have been included into: “Soil Map of the World”, approved by the International Congress of Soil Science (1969); “Soil Map of Asia”, approved by the X International Congress of Soil Science (1974); “The international guidelines on irrigation and drainage of arid lands”, published by UNESCO in London (1972) and Paris (1986).
Eminent soil scientists U.U.Uspanov, V.M. Borovsky, Zh.U.Akhanov have made great contribution to the scientific achievements of the Institute as well as many other scientists who have supervised soil scientists- geographers, soil scientists- land reclamation specialists, soil scientists- ecologists and others.
Currently, the Institute comprises 8 research departments: geography, soil genesis and evaluation; soil fertility and biology; soil ecology; reclamation of saline soils; agrichemistry; development of new technologies; scientific and information support; administrative- economic, employing 108 people, including 9 Doctors of sciences, including 2 Academicians and 23 PhD Biological and Agricultural sciences, of which 50% are young PhDs, PhD doctors, Masters and Master students: PhD students and Master students.
The Soil Museum (1980) has been established at the Institute which has a unique set of soil monoliths; there is a Scientific Library at the Institute.
The branches of departments of “Soil Science and Agrichemistry” of Kazakh National University, “Physical geography and geomorphology” of Al-Farabi Kazakh National University function at the Institute.
Since 2007 it publishes the magazine “Soil Science and Agrichemistry” which highlights the results of basic and applied research in the field of soil science, agrichemistry, agro-ecology, land cultivation, crop production and other branches of biological and agricultural sciences. The magazine contains articles not only of Kazakhstani authors but also foreign scientists and experts.
Since 2008 operates the PS “Society of soil scientists, agriecologists and agrochemists” and Farm School (since 2011).
In 2014, the International Research Centre for Ecology and Environment of Central Asia (Kazakhstan) has been established at the Institute.
Currently, the research works of the scientists of the Institute are focused on studying and establishing patterns of soil processes changes, evaluation and control of soil functions, development of scientific bases of soil fertility reproduction and protection, rational use of agricultural land and increase of crop productivity.
Based on field soil researches, satellite imagery using GIS technologies the electronic versions of soil maps of Semirechye (Almaty region), Zhambyl, South Kazakhstan regions (1: 500,000); modern Syr Darya River delta and dried bed of the Aral Sea have been developed; Shet district of Karaganda region (1: 100,000). In the National Atlas of the Republic of Kazakhstan the map of soil-geographic and natural reclamation zoning of plains of Kazakhstan (1: 500,000) have been published. In the Atlas of natural and technogenic hazards and disaster risk the maps “The risk of soil erosion and deflation” , “The danger of desertification of soil surface”, “The danger of desertification” (1: 500000) have been published. The Atlas of Mangistau region contains “Soils” and “Soil degradation” (1: 500000).
The scientists of the Institute have developed and implemented:
– Technology of development of strongly saline and alkaline soils (number of its modifications – NTOZ-1, NTOZ-2, NTOZ-3);
– Nanoagromeliorative techniques of soil fertility and crop productivity improvement using drugs adaptogens-PA-2; CMC-1 (39 modifications) for cereals, legumes, vegetables, fruits and berries;
– Measures on improvement of arable land from contamination with heavy metals;
– techniques on increasing soil fertility of waste and low productive soils;
– effective methods of production of biomineral and bio-organic fertilizers and application methods.
The implemented agromeliorative techniques and technologies of increasing soil fertility and crop productivity provide 40 percent yield increase or more, compared to conventional technology of cultivation.
According to the main results of the long-term basic and applied researches more than 400 monographs, recommendations, collections have been published. Since 2005, 24 innovative patents have been obtained.
The development plan of the Institute is based on the long-term priority of the country: “Strategy – Kazakhstan 2050″, which includes measures on sustainable development of agricultural sector, in particular, improvement of existing and development of new agricultural technologies of cultivation based on conservation and reproduction of soil fertility.
The Institute maintains contacts with such International centers as ICARDA, SIMMYT, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography of the Academy of Sciences (China), Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation (Poland), FOSFAN Spolka Akcyjna (Poland) and University of Warsaw, Research Center of agrolandscapes (Germany), V.V.Dokuchaev Institute of Soil Science (Moscow), Institute of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry of SB RAS, Russian Research Institute of Agricultural Chemistry, LLC “Meshchersky Science and Technology Center, Meschersky branch of the GNU VNIIGiM Russian Academy of AgSc. (Ryazan), Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Kazakh National Agrarian University, S.Seifullin Kazakh Agro Technical University, research institute JSC “KazAgroInnovation”, Russian Ministry of Agriculture.
The Institute is co-founder of the International Society of Soil Science of such countries as Kazakhstan, Russia, Azerbaijan and Turkey, a member of the “Agrochemcommonwelth” of CIS countries, member of the Eurasian Soil Partnership.
For successful activities the Institute was awarded State awards: the Order of the Red Banner of Labor (1974) for the development of virgin and fallow lands, Jubilee Honorary Badge of the CC CPSU, the Diplomas of the Supreme Soviet, the Council of Ministers of the USSR, two gold, two silver and seven bronze medals of UEEA USSR, Gold Medal of the International Fund “For high quality in business practice”. For the development of “Scientific bases of soil reclamation assessment for justification of irrigation development in Kazakhstan”, the staff of the Institute was awarded State Prize of the Kazakh SSR (Borovsky V.M., Akhanov ZH.U., Karazhan K.D., Kornienko V.A., Orlova M .A., Pachikina L.I.) (1984); Gold Medal of the International Fund “For high quality in business practice” (2005).
In 2009, the discovery in the field of plant biology (№371) has been registered and a certificate on discovery “The pattern of impact on sub-soil surface layer of water on growth and development of crops (rice)” was issued. In 2011, Doctor of agricultural sciences Kan V.M. was awarded the State Prize of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of science and technology for participation in the work: “Technology of development and production of biological product “Kazbiosi”, ” Rizovit-AKS”, “Bakoyl-KZ”.
For achievements in Science, Doctor of Biological Sciences, professor F.E. Kozybayeva was awarded the medal “Eren enbegi ushin” (2012). In 2013, for the high ratings U.U.Uspanov Kazakh Research Institute of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry was recognized as the best Research Institute of the Year, according to nomination of the Republican political newspaper “President zhane Halyk” and the Agency “Uakyt tandauy – Choice of the Time” and was included into the To- 60 among medium-sized enterprises of RK and awarded the honorary title “Leader of the industry”.
In 2014, Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Academician of the Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Kazakhstan, honorary member of the National Academy of Sciences of RK Saparov A.S. was awarded the Order “Kurmet” (2014) for achievements in the field of soil science and agricultural chemistry. For high performance and contribution to the development fundamental and applied research, many scientists of the Institute were awarded medals and diplomas of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan and JSC “KazAgroInnovation”.